Trend Micro has released its 2007 Annual Roundup and 2008 Forecast. The report contains a few interesting points that could be new compared to other reports.
The report talks about the growth of web threats, which increased yearly up to 2006 but seems to have slowed down over the last twelve months. They also notice a significant increase in the number of attacks on smart phones and other mobile gadgets. Take it with a grain of salt.
However, the most interesting part of the report is the pricing chart for black hat services:
adware from 2 to 20 cents per installation depending on location
exploit kit rental around $1 per hour
access to installed information stealing trojans around $80 each
DDoS around $100 per day
individual banking credentials from $50
Other notable findings from the report:
- The Windows Animated Cursor exploit (EXPL_ANICMOO) encompassed over 50 percent of all exploit codes to hit the Internet computing population. 74 percent of its infections this year came from Asia. The same holds true for TROJ_ANICMOO.AX, a related threat which embedded the exploit. 64 percent of computers infected with this were from China.
- The top malware finding was WORM_SPYBOT.IS and WORM_GAOBOT.DF. Both created botnets and worms that infected USB-connected devices.
- Nearly 50 percent of all threat infections come from North America, but Asian countries are also experiencing a growth -- 40 percent of infections stem from that region.
-Social networking communities and user-created content such as blog sites became infection vectors due to attacks on their underlying Web 2.0 technologies, particularly cross-site scripting and streaming technologies.
- Infection volumes nearly quadrupled between September and November 2007, indicating that malware authors took advantage of the holiday seasons as an opportunity to send spam or deploy spyware while users are shopping online.
- In 2007, the top online commerce site attacked by phishers was still global auction site eBay and sister company PayPal. Financial institutions, especially those based in North America, also experienced a high volume of phising attacks.
Based on the emerging trends of this year, the following are Trend Micro’s forecasts for the 2008 threat landscape:
1. Legacy code used in operating systems and vulnerabilities in popular applications will continue to be attacked in the effort to inject in-process malicious code that criminals can exploit to run malware as they attempt to steal confidential and proprietary information.
2. High-profile Web sites that run the gamut of social networking, banking/financial, online gaming, search engine, travel, commercial ticketing, local government sectors, news, job, blogging, and e-commerce sites for auction and shopping will continue to be the most sought-after attack vectors by criminals to host links to phishing and identity theft code.
3. Unmanaged devices such as smart phones, mp3 players, digital frames, thumb drives and gaming stations will continue to provide opportunities for criminals and malware to infiltrate a company’s security borders due to their capabilities for storage, computing and Wi-Fi. Public access points such as those in coffee shops, bookstores, hotel lobbies, and airports will continue to be distribution points for malware or attack vectors used by malicious entities.
4. Communication services such as email, instant messaging, as well as file sharing will continue to be abused by content threats such as image spam, malicious URLs and attachments via targeted and localized social engineered themes.
5. Data protection and software security strategies will become standard in the commercial software lifecycle. This will also put a focus on data encryption technologies during storage and transit particularly in the vetting of data access in the information and distribution chain.